eyes; erythema (redness of the skin) which may be followed by blistering or
ulceration and inflammation of the nose, throat, trachea, bronchi, and lung
tissue. Susceptibility also varies with individuals. Injuries produced by
HD heal much more slowly and are more liable to infection than burs of
similar intensity produced by physical means or by most other chemicals.
Systemic effects of mustard may include malaise, vomiting and fever, with
the time of onset about the same as that of the skin erythema. With amounts
approaching the lethal dose, injury to bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen
may result. Such damage is reflected in the peripheral blood by a drop in
the white blood cells. Because these cells are essential in the body for
preventing infections, a significant drop in the white blood cells will
cause the mustard casualties to be far more susceptible to local and
overwhelming infections than the normal individual.
(2) Detection Using M8 Detection Paper.
Procedures for detection of
HD using M8 Detector Paper are:
Lay a strip of M8 paper on the suspected liquid so that the
paper just touches the liquid.
Compare the color change with the chart located inside the
front cover of the M8 Paper booklet.
If a mustard agent
such as HD is present, the color indicated will be red or
M8 paper has limitations. It will detect only liquid chemical
(3) Detection Using the M256 Chemical Agent Detector Kit. Procedures
in the following steps.
Remove one detector sampler from the kit.
Tear the protective bag and remove the sampler.
Perform steps 1 - 12 as described on the protective bag and
the kit instruction cards.