20. Physostigmine. An alkaloid from Physostigma venonosum. Physostigmine
salicylate is used to relieve symptoms of BZ and other glycollate
The property possessed by a material which enables it to
injure the physiological mechanism of at organism by chemical means, with
the maximum effect being incapacitation or death.
A poisonous product of animal or vegetable cells which, when
inhaled, swallowed, or injected into man or animals, will cause illness or
23. Training Agent.
An agent authorized for use in training to enhance
proficiency for operating in a chemical environment.
24. Vesicant Agent.
blisters the skin.
25. Warning. The timely dissemination of the information that a chemical
agent is present or anticipated.
The continued or periodic act of seeking to determine
whether a chemical agent is in the area.
27. Survey. The directed effort to determine the location and nature of
the chemical agent in an area.
28. On-target Attack.
target area where a position is the target for a direct attack by one or
29. Off-target Attack.
Residual chemical agent clouds drift onto
positions or where personnel moving across country encounter toxic clouds or
30. Median Lethal Dosage (LCt50).
The LCt50 of a chemical agent is the
dosage (vapor concentration of the agent multiplied by the time exposure)
that is lethal to 50 percent of exposed unprotected personnel at some given
breathing rate. The unit used to express LCt50 is mg-min/m3.
31. Median Incapacitating Dosage (ICt50) The ICt50 of a chemical agent is
the amount of inhale vapor that is sufficient to disable 50 percent of
expressed unprotected personnel. The unit to express ICt50 is mg-min/m3.