Movement techniques provide for maximum feasible speed, good use of terrain, and security of the smoke
platoon. There are three basic movement techniques. Their use depends on the likelihood of enemy contact.
When using this technique, the lead and trail elements move together as a unit. It is the fastest but least secure
method, and it is used when speed is important and enemy contact is not likely. Movement is continuous. The
interval between vehicles is maintained as terrain permits. As a general rule, it is about 50 meters between
When using this technique, lead and elements also move together, but at a greater distance. The lead element
moves continuously on the most covered and concealed route for protection against enemy observation and fire.
The trail element moves at various speeds maintaining visual contact with the lead element. The trail elements
must be far enough in the rear to maneuver or deliver suppressive fires if the lead element receives enemy direct
fire. Traveling overwatch is used when speed is important, but enemy contact is possible.
When using this technique, both teams move by bounds with one element always in position to overwatch
another. It is the slowest movement technique and is used when enemy contact is expected. The lead element
advances to a position where it can support the advance of the trail element. There are several ways for the trail
element to move. This movement depends on the terrain and organization of the reconnaissance unit.
Any contact with the enemy will probably be made by the bounding squad as it moves to and secures a
position from which the platoon will overwatch the next bound. When it occupies a new position, this squad may
dismount soldiers to provide security, better observation, or manning of weapons.
A tactical movement may be conducted in close column, open column, or by infiltration methods. These
movement methods vary, depending on the movement technique being used and the situation. In dusty
conditions, for example, vehicles must be spaced at least "dust distance" from each other, in order for the drivers
In a close column movement, vehicles are spread approximately 25 meters apart during daylight conditions.
At night, vehicles are spaced so that the driver can see two lights in the blackout marker of the vehicle ahead.
Close column is normally used for movements during darkness, under blackout driving conditions. This method
of movement takes maximum advantage of the traffic capacity of the route used, but provides very little
In an open column movement, the distance between vehicles is increased to provide greater dispersion and
varies from 50 to 100 meters, or greater if